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William Dudley (San Diego: Greenhaven, 1995) 284; 279-280.
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John Hope Franklin, The Emancipation Proclamation (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1963) 143-144.
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James Oliver Horton and Lois E. Horton, In Hope of Liberty: Culture, Community and Protest Among Northern Free Blacks,
1700-1860 (New York: Oxford UP, 1997) ix.
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(Chicago: Amos Philatelics, 1992).
James M. McPherson, Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era (New York: Oxford UP, 1988) 284; 312; 504; 558-559;
Merrill D. Peterson, “'This Grand Pertinacity'”: Abraham Lincoln and the Declaration of Independence.” Fourteenth Annual R.
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John Rhodehamel and Seth T. Kaller, “Copies of the Thirteenth Amendment,” Manuscripts, 44, 2 (Spring 1992), p.109.
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Cabinet in July 1862.” http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/alhtml/almss/dep002.html
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