General Gilman Marston’s Informal Casualty Report from Gettysburg
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Union Brigadier General Gilman Marston’s brief casualty report from the Battle of Gettysburg. GILMAN MARSTON.
Autograph Document, July 2 and 6, 1863, 1 p., 3 1/8 x 5 7/8 in.
At Gettysburgh [sic] July 2d Capts. Hubbard. A Metcalf – Liuts. Roberts, Darcomb, Vicbury Ballard, & Patch were killed.
Maj. Sayles, Capt. Gordon, Liuts. Perkins, Counard [?], Richardson, Hall were wounded.
Col. Burley slightly-
338 men in the fight.
July 6= dead 32
Gilman Marston (1811-1890) served in the New Hampshire legislature, and in 1859 was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives as part of the newly-formed Republican Party. He served 1859-63 and again from 1865-1867). The war interrupted his Congressional service when he became colonel of the 2nd New Hampshire Volunteers.
Marston nearly lost his arm at the First Battle of Bull Run, but refused amputation and recovered to lead the 2nd NH Volunteers at the battles of Williamsburg, Fair Oak, Malvern Hill, and Fredericksburg, all in Virginia. During suspended operations in the winter of 1862, Marston returned to his congressional duties in Washington, D.C. The following June he was appointed Brigadier General of U.S. Volunteers and a month later he led the 2nd NH at the Battle of Gettysburg, where they sustained casualties of over sixty percent. Three weeks after the battle, Marston gathered his remaining troops, along with survivors of the 12th NH Volunteers, to establish and then guard the prisoner of war camp at Point Lookout, Maryland.
In 1864, Marston led New Hampshire and New York troops at the Virginia battles of Drury’s Bluff, Cold Harbor (where he lost over 500 troops), and the Siege of Petersburg. Taken ill, he left the army on sick leave and was reelected to Congress. After the war he returned to Exeter, NH and practiced law.