Patent for Improving a Cannon
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Document Signed as President, counter-signed by John Forsythe as Secretary of State, and Benjamin F. Butler as Attorney General. Revised patent issued to John W. Cochran, for a new and useful improvement “In the many chambered Cannon for which Letters Patent were granted dated the 22nd day of October 1834, which letters Patent are hereby cancelled on account of a defective specification.” Washington, March 23, 1836. On vellum, 1 p. plus 4 pp inventor’s specifications, signed Henry L Ellsworth, Commissioner of Patents. 11⅛ x 15½ in.
John W. Cochran received at least nine other patents, from 1834 through 1876, (including two filed by his estate post 1872). In 1876, his estate lost a patent infringement case in the U.S. Supreme Court. His original patent for this invention is X 8461 (x-patents were issued before the patent office burned down, and numbered later as a new numbering system was started with the rebuilt office and new patent laws.)
Andrew Jackson (1767-1845). Seventh President of the U.S. (1829-1837), born in Waxhaw, South Carolina. Trained as a lawyer, elected to Congress (1796), and to the Senate (1797) for Tennessee, and later served as Supreme Court Judge in that state (17898-1804). During the war of 1812, he served as Commander of the South and secured his military fame through campaigns against the Creek Indians and a victory over the British at New Orleans (1815). Jackson’s politics split the Republican party during his first term, resulting in the formation of the Democratic Republicans, or Democrats, of which Jackson was a member and the National Republicans, or Whigs. Jackson’s election in 1828 was the first in which a great number of people had become involved in electoral politics, and his supporters demanded a share of the spoils. His administration satisfied them by removing government employees wholesale and replacing them with its friends. This system would come to dominate American politics for the rest of the century. Jackson relied heavily on the use of his veto and party leadership to assume command rather than defer to Congress in policy-making. His failure to re-charter the Second Bank of the United States, a federally sponsored private corporation, caused its collapse but ultimately won the approval of the American public.
John Forsyth (1780-1841) lawyer, statesman. Born in Fredericksburg, Virginia. Graduated Princeton (1799), served as Attorney General of Georgia (1808); Congressman (Democrat) from Georgia (1813-18, 1823-27); U.S. Senator (1818, 1829,-34); U.S. Secretary of State (1834-41). Also served as minister to Spain, 1819-22 securing ratification of the treaty of 1819. Governor of Georgia 1827-29. Repudiating early states’ rights leanings, he became a staunch supporter of President Jackson. Voted against the tariff of 1832, but opposed Georgia’s nullification convention. As Secretary of State, Forsyth secured French indemnity payments owing under the treaty of 1831 and stalled on the issue of Texas annexation and recognition.
The signed patent document is fine. The inventor’s specifications are very light and with foxing on pages 3-4.