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Very Rare Pennsylvania Signer George Taylor Receives Payment for Land
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Taylor’s signature is among the rarest of the Signers in part due to his limited role in public life and his death prior to an American victory that would have opened more opportunities to serve.

GEORGE TAYLOR. Autograph Document Signed. Receipt. Trimmed close, n.p., Dec. 6, 1774. 1 p. 4¾ x 3 in.

Inventory #22992.99       Price: $27,500

Transcript

Receiv’d 6.th December 1774 from Thomas Adamson One Hundred Pounds being the first payment for the Land sold him as of the above agreement.

                        Geo.Taylor

Verso: A fragment of what appears to be the “above agreement” of the land deal referenced by Taylor, which is signed by William Armstrong and Charles Craig, with an endorsement: “And Signed Sealed and Delivered by the said Lewis Gordon the fifteenth day of October Anno 1774 in the presences of Sam.l Foulke John Shotesbury”  All co-signers appear in records of Philadelphia and Chester County, Pennsylvania.

George Taylor (1716-1781) was an Irish immigrant who came to America indentured to Samuel Savage, Jr., the master of the Warwick Furnace and Coventry Forge in Chester County, Pennsylvania. He took over the forge upon the death of Savage (as well as marrying his widow) and ran it until his heirs came of legal age to inherit it under the terms of their father’s will. In 1757, he became justice of the peace in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, and in 1764 he was elected to the Pennsylvania Provincial Assembly. He was reelected to the position in 1775, the same year he secured a contract to produce cannon balls for the Pennsylvania Committee of Safety. When the Second Continental Congress voted for independence on July 2, 1776, Taylor was appointed by the Assembly to replace one of the Loyalist delegates who had resigned. Less than a month later he was signing the Declaration of Independence as part of the Pennsylvania delegation despite not having been present for the actual vote. Taylor was one of eight foreign-born signers, the only ironmaster, and the only former indentured servant to sign. Taylor served only seven months in the Continental Congress before the Assembly appointed a new delegation. He was then appointed to Pennsylvania’s Supreme Executive Council but retired after a month due to illness.

Condition

Very good. Vertical creases at old folds, not affecting the bold signature.


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