Andrew Jackson Signs a Patent on a Corn Shelling Machine
Click to enlarge:
Select an image:
Partially Printed Document Signed as President. Two partially printed vellum pages acknowledging that Joseph Ross has developed improvements for “the machine of shelling corn.” Washington, D.C., April 12, 1833. Countersigned by the Acting Secretary of State Edward Livingston and Attorney General Roger B. Taney. Approximately 11 x 13, framed to 20 x 31 in. The blind embossed paper Seal of the United States is affixed at lower left. The pages are attached with pink ribbon to the above letters patent.
From the Collection of Sam Wyly, Dallas, Texas (acquired in 2002).
Andrew Jackson (1767-1845). Seventh President of the U.S. (1829-1837), born in Waxhaw, South Carolina. Trained as a lawyer, elected to Congress (1796), and to the Senate (1797) for Tennessee, and later served as Supreme Court Judge in that state (17898-1804). During the war of 1812, he served as Commander of the South and secured his military fame through campaigns against the Creek Indians and a victory over the British at New Orleans (1815). Jackson’s politics split the Republican party during his first term, resulting in the formation of the Democratic Republicans, or Democrats, of which Jackson was a member and the National Republicans, or Whigs. Jackson’s election in 1828 was the first in which a great number of people had become involved in electoral politics, and his supporters demanded a share of the spoils. His administration satisfied them by removing government employees wholesale and replacing them with its friends. This system would come to dominate American politics for the rest of the century. Jackson relied heavily on the use of his veto and party leadership to assume command rather than defer to Congress in policy-making. His failure to re-charter the Second Bank of the United States, a federally sponsored private corporation, caused its collapse but ultimately won the approval of the American public.