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Giving South Carolina’s Governor Authority to Conduct Foreign Affairs
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Shortly after Abraham Lincoln’s election as president in November 1860, secessionists in South Carolina demanded a convention to remove the state from the United States. South Carolina’s secession convention assembled in Columbia on December 17, 1860, but fearing an outbreak of smallpox there, they reassembled in Charleston from December 18 to January 5, 1861. On December 20, they passed a secession ordinance.

[SECESSION]. SOUTH CAROLINA COMMITTEE ON THE CONSTITUTION. Printed Document, “An Ordinance To amend the Constitution of the State of South Carolina, in respect to the Executive Department,” Charleston, South Carolina, [ca December 24, 1860]. 2 pp., 8¼ x 13¾ in.

Inventory #24671.01       Price: $2,000

Excerpts

That the Governor shall have power to receive ambassadors, ministers, consuls, and agents from foreign powers…to conduct negotiations with foreign powers: to make treaties by and with the advice and consent of the Senate....

That the Governor shall appoint four persons…who, together with the Lieutenant-Governor, shall form a council, to be called the Executive Council…to advise with him upon all matters which may be submitted to their consideration....

Historical Background

A thirteen-member Committee on the Constitution of the State considered a variety of issues related to severing the state from the federal union.

After deliberation, Chairman David L. Wardlaw (1799-1873) reported this proposed ordinance, which the convention debated and passed on December 27. It gave the governor of South Carolina broad power to conduct foreign relations and created an Executive Council to advise him. This ordinance was in effect for only a short time until the formation of the Confederacy with its own constitution and laws. South Carolina ratified the Confederate Constitution on April 3, 1861, and passed its own new Constitution on April 8. That same day, the Convention repealed the first section of this ordinance and altered the second to dismiss the Executive Council except for the lieutenant governor and another member who would lead the Treasury Department.[1]

Condition

Fire damage and loss to right edge along folds, with minor text loss. A 160-acre fire in Charleston in December 1861 damaged more than six hundred buildings.

Reference

Unlisted in T. Michael Parrish and Robert M. Willingham Jr.’s Confederate Imprints: A Bibliography of Southern Publications from Secession to Surrender (1984). Very rare.


[1] Ordinances and Constitution of the State of South Carolina, with the Constitution of the Provisional Government and of the Confederate States of America (Charleston, SC: Evans & Cogswell, 1861), 32.


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