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Self-Exiled Burr Ordered Out of the United Kingdom
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[AARON BURR]. Newspaper. New-England Palladium, January 9, 1810. Boston: Young and Minns.

Inventory #30005.011       Price: $400

Excerpt

Extract of a letter from London, dated October 28, 1809.

I now assure you that Aaron Burr was ordered out of the Kingdom; but the circumstance of coupling General Miranda with him has been, no doubt, with a malicious intent to injure the honest fame of that worthy patriot. Instead of being sent out of the country, the General resides there is superb style, the friend and companion of the best men in the ministry.” (p2/c2)

Historical Background

After killing Alexander Hamilton in 1804 and being tried (though acquitted) for treason in 1807, Burr traveled to England under a pseudonym in the summer of 1808. The British government declared Burr persona non grata, arrested him in April 1809, and offered him a passport to any country. In May 1809, he arrived in Sweden, from which he crossed to Denmark and spent time there and in Germany for the rest of 1809. He arrived in Paris in February 1810, where he lived for the next eighteen months before returning to the United States.

When Burr was attempting to revolutionize Louisiana and the West, Francisco de Miranda was planning his own assaults on the Spanish empire in the Americas. They met in Philadelphia late in 1805 or early in 1806, and Burr wrote, “The bare suspicion of any connexion between him and me would have been injurious to my project and fatal to his….” Miranda found Burr “detestable” and “Mephistophelian” and was angered that Burr had killed Miranda’s friend Hamilton.[1]

Francisco de Miranda (1750-1816) was born in Caracas in the Spanish Viceroyalty of New Granada into a wealthy merchant family. Educated at the finest private schools, he received a baccalaureate degree in 1767. From 1771 to 1780, he lived in Spain and became a captain in the military. From 1781 to 1784, he participated in actions against the British in North America, including the Battle of the Capes that forced the British surrender at Yorktown. Miranda met many influential Americas, including George Washington, Alexander Hamilton, and Thomas Jefferson. From 1791 to 1797, he took an active part in the French Revolution and was arrested several times before leaving for England. From 1804 to 1808, he organized an expedition to liberate Venezuela from Spanish rule, but it failed soon after landing. After Venezuela achieved de facto independence in 1810, a delegation including Simon Bolivar traveled to Great Britain seeking British recognition and aid. They also urged Miranda, then in Great Britain, to return to his native land. He did so in 1811, but the new Venezuelan republic failed to conquer royalist areas, and in 1812, Miranda was arrested and taken to Spain. He died in prison four years later, awaiting the outcome of his case.

Additional Content

A letter by James Madison to Congress regarding the militia (p2/c4); the conclusion of Massachusetts Federalist Congressman Laban Wheaton’s speech on the resolutions of Virginia Senator William B. Giles to increase the army and the navy (p1/c2-3); and a variety of advertisements, including a young woman offering to serve as a wet nurse (p1/c1), German flute instruction (p3/c3), and a Savannah resident, seeking his brother missing for eight years and “fearing that he is in bondage on some British ship of war” (p4/c1).

*This item is also being offered in part II of The Alexander Hamilton Collection


[1] Karen Racine, Francisco de Miranda: A Transatlantic Life in the Age of Revolution (Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 2003), 157.


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