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Lucy Stone Thanks Cornelius B. Campbell for His Help in New Jersey Suffrage Cause
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Women have plead their own cause for a quarter of a century, and we have convinced men. Now it only remains for men to convince women.

LUCY STONE. Autograph Letter Signed, to Cornelius B. Campbell, Newark, New Jersey, December 15, 1867. 4 pp., 5¼ x 8¼ in.

Inventory #24154.01       Price: $3,500

Complete Transcript

Newark cor. 7th St. & Sussex Ave

Dec. 15 1867

Mr. Campbell

My dear Friend

            I have looked carefully over the copy of your tract, and I like it. Where you say, that it some states women vote, I would say in Kansas, Mich. and Kentucky, which is the exact fact. I would omit the words “acted properly” and in all cases, I would use the word woman, in place of female, and man for male. I would quote the whole passage from Bishop [Matthew] Simpson, as it appears in our tract of <2> “testimonies,” and I would omit the one passage you quote from John Stuart Mill. You will see if you read his speech, that that passage, was a joke. You know the general impression is, that women are better than men, and the talk of dragging men down to us, would not be accepted. But I would quote some good passage from Mill, as I would also from Geo. Wm. Curtis.

            Now these suggestions are very frankly made, and you will be free of course, to reject them all, if you think best, and I shall not feel <3> hurt, at all about it.

            The good earnest workers in this cause, can differ, and agree. I think we had better have two tracts, and let them be in type as large as that of John Stuart Mill. People wont read fine print, and if we want ours read, we must make it plain.

            By the way, Mr. Curtis wrote us the other day for copies of his tract, and we were out. Could you send 50 to his address. Geo. Wm. Curtis—North Shore, Staten Island. Pay the cost and let us <4> make it right. He gave us the speech, and we ought to make it cost him anything.

            I am more grateful to you, Mr. Campbell than I can express, for the help you are giving our cause. Women have plead their own cause for a quarter of a century, and we have convinced men. Now it only remains for men to convince women. I shall have my tract ready right away.

                                                                        Very respectfully

                                                                        Lucy Stone

Historical Background

New Jersey was the only early state that included woman suffrage in its first constitution in 1776. However, women were prohibited from voting from 1807 to 1844 by a legislative enactment, then by the new constitution of 1844. While Lucy Stone lived in New Jersey, she held meetings in many New Jersey cities agitating for woman suffrage. In the fall of 1867, the New Jersey State Woman Suffrage Association organized and held annual meetings in cities throughout the state.

In 1868, the New Jersey State Woman Suffrage Association published two four-page pamphlets by Lucy Stone entitled, “Reason Why the Women of New Jersey Should Vote, As Shown from the Constitution and Statutes of New Jersey” and “To the Women of New Jersey. Why You Should Vote.” They were offered for sale by C. B. Campbell in Vineland, and Lucy Stone in Newark at a price of $1 for 100 copies.

George William Curtis (1824-1892) gave a speech to the Constitutional Convention at Albany, New York, on July 19, 1867, entitled “Equal Rights for Women,” which was published as a pamphlet by the American Equal Rights Association in 1867. John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) gave a speech entitled “Suffrage for Women” before the British Parliament in May 1867, which was also reprinted as a suffrage pamphlet.

In November 1868, Stone and her mother-in-law attempted to cast ballots in Newark, but the election judges refused to accept their ballots. New Jersey women did not gain the vote until the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution in 1920.

Lucy Stone (1818-1893) was a prominent American suffragette. She became the first woman college graduate from Massachusetts, when she graduated from Oberlin College in Ohio in 1847. She was also the wife of Henry Brown Blackwell and is the first American woman known to keep her own last name after marrying. Stone worked with William Lloyd Garrison in the abolitionist movement in Massachusetts. During the Civil War, she helped found the Woman’s National Loyal League, fighting for full emancipation and voting rights for African Americans. In 1870, Stone split with Susan B. Anthony and other suffragettes by helping to organize the American Woman Suffrage Association (AWSA), which advocated supporting the 15th Amendment (granting voting rights to African-American males). That same year, Stone and her husband, with the help of Julia Ward Howe, founded The Woman’s Journal in Boston as the official publication of AWSA. Three years prior to her death, Stone reconciled with Anthony, and the two rival organizations merged into the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA). Stone’s daughter, Alice Stone Blackwell, edited The Woman’s Journal from 1883 until 1917.

Cornelius B. Campbell (1818-1890) was born in New Hampshire and graduated from the Oneida Institute in New York. He became a Congregationalist minister in Iowa, where he helped fugitive slaves escape through the underground railroad. In 1856, he married Phebe Thomas Wilbur, and the Campbells moved to Vineland, New Jersey, in 1863. He was active in both the abolitionist and woman’s rights movements.

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