A Seminal Map of New Jersey,
Showing a New York Border Dispute Finally Settled
Click to enlarge:
The Royal cartographer steps in to clean up New Jersey. WILLIAM FADEN.
Map. Province of New Jersey, Divided into East and West, Commonly Called The Jerseys.
London, England, December 1, 1777. 23½ x 33 in. Fine condition, in black and gilt frame, 31¾ x 40½ in.
William Faden (1750-1836), partner of celebrated London engraver Thomas Jefferys, was named the King’s official geographer in 1775, two years prior to producing this map. After nearly a century of border disputes between New York and New Jersey, George III established a commission to settle the claims, and Lieutenant Bernard Ratzer finally surveyed the boundary line in 1769. Faden’s map also demarcates “East New Jersey” and “West New Jersey” based on a “Division Line Run in 1743.” It includes “the three lower counties” leased by William Penn and his heirs: the present state of Delaware. Additionally, the map reaches west into Pennsylvania as far as Reading, southwest to a sliver of Maryland and the Chesapeake Bay, north to Newburgh, New York, and east as far as Stamford, Connecticut. Topographic features, post roads, a unique pastoral cartouche, and the site of the early Revolutionary War Battle of White Plains (October 28, 1776) complete the details of this impressive map.