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Three Weeks after Gettysburg,
Lincoln Calls For More Pennsylvania Troops (SOLD)
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Lincoln’s 1863 draft order for the 18th District of Pennsylvania. This was one of the first draft calls ever signed, and was executed about two weeks after the Battle of Gettysburg, and one week after the New York Draft Riots.

ABRAHAM LINCOLN. Partly Printed Document Signed as President, July 24, 1863, Executive Mansion, Washington, D.C., 1 p., 7¾ x 9¾ in. Executive Mansion, Washington, D.C., 7¾ x 9¾ in., 1 pp.

Inventory #22532       SOLD — please inquire about other items

Transcript

Executive Mansion,

Washington, D.C., July 24, 1863

I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States of America, and Commander-in-chief of the Army and Navy thereof, having taken into consideration the number of volunteers and militia furnished by and from the several States, including the State of Pennsylvania, and the period of service of said volunteers and militia since the commencements of the present rebellion, in order to equalize the numbers among the Districts of the said States, and having considered and allowed for the number already furnished as aforesaid, and the time of their service aforesaid, do hereby assign Two Thousand Four Hundred and Six (2,406) as the first proportional part of the quota of troops to be furnished by the 18th District of the State of Pennsylvania under this, the first call made by me on the State of Pennsylvania, under the act approved March 3, 1863, entitled “An Act for Enrolling and Calling out the National Forces, and for other purposes,” and, in pursuance of the act aforesaid, I order that a draft be made in the said 18th District of the State of Pennsylvania for the number of men herein assigned to said District, and Fifty Percent in addition.

In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.

Done at the City of Washington, this twenty-fourth day of July, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, and of the independence of the United States, the eighty-eighth.

Abraham Lincoln

Historical Background

The first effective draft by the federal government, signed into law by President Lincoln on March 3, 1863, called for all men between the ages of 18 and 45 to be enrolled into local militia units and be available to be called into national service. The actual draft was managed by the states, which most often used a lottery system. The number of draftees required was different between a district’s quota and its number of volunteers. However, the system was ripe for abuse, and controversial, because it allowed a draftee to hire a substitute for $300. The inequities of the system resulted in four days of draft riots in New York City just a week before this order. Federal troops, including soldiers from Vermont, were called upon to restore order.

Condition

Very Fine. Signed boldly in dark brown ink.