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Civil War and Reconstruction

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Fisk University Co-Founder John Ogden Asks Merriam Publishers if the Gift of a Pictorial Dictionary Was Meant for Him or the University

JOHN OGDEN, Autograph Letter Signed, to George and Charles Merriam. Nashville, Tenn., Oct. 18, 1869. 1 p., 8½ x 5¼ in. On Fisk University letterhead.

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In this brief note, Ogden thanks the famous Springfield, Massachusetts dictionary publishers the Merriams for a gift of a copy of their Pictorial Dictionary. Ogden references one “Mr. Gamble” as having stated that the volume was intended as a personal gift, but notes that the dictionary has “the name of our institution inscribed upon, or rather in it, from which I infer you intended it for the institution.” He then asks the Merriams to “decide the quarrel.”

Item #24172.01-.02, $550

The Emancipation Proclamation:
A Miniature Edition of the Document that Saved America

ABRAHAM LINCOLN, Pamphlet. Proclamation of Emancipation, by the President of the United States, January 1st, 1863. [Boston, Mass., John Murray Forbes, ca. Jan. 20, 1863]. 8 pp., plus printed wraps, 2¼ x 3¼ in.

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“All persons held as slaves within said designated States

and parts of States are and henceforward shall be free.”

Item #24310, $22,000

“General Grants election has brought such actual Peace, that there is not a part of a peg even, to hang an excitement on”

WILLIAM TECUMSEH SHERMAN, Autograph Letter, to an unnamed general. Annapolis, Maryland, December 8, 1868. 2 pp., quarto. Sherman originally wrote this content as part of a longer letter; he marked this leaf “copy” and ends it with marks that show this section to be complete.

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Sherman turns down an invitation to a “Grand Reunion of the Western Armies at Chicago.”

Item #23562.02, $1,650

“War is a hard master.”

WILLIAM TECUMSEH SHERMAN, Autograph Letter Signed, to his foster brother and former General Thomas Ewing Jr. Saint Louis, Missouri, June 30, 1867, 4 pp., quarto.

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The Commander of the Department of the Missouri and the future Commanding General of the U.S. Army is not about to show favoritism to family when it comes to duty. He has some stern advice for his younger foster brother, Charley, delivered through his older brother.

Item #23562.01, $1,850

John Rogers’s Famous Tribute to Lincoln: The Council of War

[CIVIL WAR]. JOHN ROGERS, Painted Plaster Sculpture. The Council of War. New York, N.Y., 1868. Signed “John Rogers, New York Patented March 31, 1868.”

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John Rogers was the sculptor of the middle class in the second half of the nineteenth century. He was most famous for casting groups of figures in plaster and then painting them, with subjects mostly ordinary people or fictional characters. Occasionally he created groups of extraordinary people and events, and The Council of War is one such group. It depicts President Abraham Lincoln, Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton, and General Ulysses S. Grant discussing the Civil War while looking over a map or battle plan. Stanton himself suggested that Rogers make group, who described the scene as “one of the most interesting and appropriate occasions” for a sculpture. Some art historians have suggested it was a deliberate attempt to mend, at least publicly, his relationship with U.S. Grant. The work was later praised by Lincoln’s son Robert Todd Lincoln, who considered it to be the most lifelike portrait of his father in sculpture.

There are three versions of The Council of War, all slightly different and dependent on Stanton’s hands—at his side, behind Lincoln’s head, or forward of Lincoln’s head over the president’s shoulder. Ours is the latter example.

Item #23865, $10,000

Sherman’s Farewell to His Troops:
Copy for 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 20th Army Corps

WILLIAM T. SHERMAN, Manuscript Document Signed, secretarially, Special Field Orders No. 76. Washington, D.C. May 30, 1865. 4p. Countersigned by Horace G. H. Tarr Captain and AAA General, 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 20th Army Corps. (Hooker’s Corps) May 31, 1865.

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Captain and assistant adjutant Horace G.H. Tarr, of the 20th Regiment, Connecticut Infantry, was the final signer of this brigade-level copy of Sherman’s farewell message to his troops and orders for their triumphant march, the Grand Review, through Washington, D.C. Organized at New Haven September 8, 1862, the 20th Connecticut had been attached to the 20th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, since it was organized by Joseph Hooker in April 1864. Prior to that, the 20th Connecticut had been part of the 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac. Of the two units known as the 20th Army Corps., this was the second and far more successful unit, affectionately known as “Hooker’s Corps.” At the time of this order, Joseph A. Mower was the Corps commander, leading the unit in the famed Grand Review of the Armies in Washington, D.C. before disbanding in June 1865.

Item #23912, $8,500

A Chaplain of U.S. Colored Troops Declares
“Emancipation...is the idea of the war to me.”

[AFRICAN AMERICAN SOLDIERS]. SAMUEL STORROW HIGGINSON, Autograph Letter Signed, to [Clifford]. No date but evidently early Jan. 1865. On U.S. Christian Commission lettersheets, 8 pp., 4¾ x 8 in.

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A scarce, lengthy, and eloquent missive from a noted chaplain of a distinguished black unit. Storrow Higginson, a Harvard-educated poet and writer who rubbed elbows with the Transcendentalists, writes a friend who has not yet embraced Emancipation hoping to bring him along.

Item #23323, $1,250

General Grant Responds to an Inquiry from the Brother of a Confederate Soldier Slain During the Siege of Vicksburg

ULYSSES S. GRANT, Autograph Letter Signed to Charles J. Hoadly. Vicksburg, Miss., August 3, 1863. 1 p., 7¾ x 9¾ in. With transmittal envelope postmarked from Memphis on August 8. With related archive of 32 Frederick W. Hoadley Autograph Letters Signed from South Carolina, to his brother Charles in Hartford, 1851-1854, on various subjects. One early receipt for carpentry, including a cherry casket. And two almost-identical unsigned carte-de-visite bust photographs of Frederick, with W. G. Grotecloss of New York photographer’s imprint on verso.

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After having learned of his Confederate brother’s death through press accounts, Connecticut State Librarian Charles Hoadly took the unusual step of writing directly to General Grant during the Siege of Vicksburg to discover more about Frederick W. Hoadley’s death and burial.

Item #23520, $9,000

Civil War General and Later U.S. Commissioner of Patents Explains Troop Delays

MORTIMER D. LEGGETT, Autograph Letter Signed as Brig Gen. to Colonel W.T. Clark, A.A.G. Canton, [Mississippi], Headquarters 3d Division 17th Army Corps, [Army of the Tennessee] February 28, 1864. An explanation on delays in troop backup.

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Item #21386.11, $375

After his Costly Victory at Shiloh, Grant Orders Hurlbut to Move towards Corinth

ULYSSES S. GRANT, Autograph Letter Signed as Commander of the Army of the Tennessee, to Stephen A. Hurlbut. “Head Quarters, Army of the Ten[nessee],” Pittsburg [Landing, Tennessee], April 29, 1862. 1 p., 7¾ x 10 in.

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While under blistering criticism for sustaining so many casualties at the Battle of Shiloh, Grant orders General Stephen Hurlbut to move his 4th division in preparation for the advance on Corinth, Mississippi. The next day, however, Halleck would relieve Grant of command of the Army of Tennessee while nominally promoting him to second-in-command of the Department of the Mississippi. Grant was left virtually powerless. While this order demonstrates Grant’s intentions, Halleck moved so slowly that the Confederate army was allowed to escape. 

Item #23516, $9,000

The Gettysburg Address – First Day of Printing, Lowell

[ABRAHAM LINCOLN]. GETTYSBURG ADDRESS, Newspaper, Lowell Daily Citizen & News, Lowell, Mass., November 20, 1863. 4 pp., 17 ½ x 23 in.

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“It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us; that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they here gave the last full measure of devotion; that we here highly resolve that the dead shall not have died in vain...”

This rare first day of publication newspaper contains Lincoln’s timeless embodiment of American ideals on page 2. This printing from November 20, a day after the speech, includes a report on the ceremonies, and mentions Edward Everett’s speech (calling it “long,”). The text of this Massachusetts newspaper closely follows the Boston Daily Advertiser’s text, which varies slightly from the AP versions.

Item #23307, $10,000

The Gettysburg Address – Front Page News

GETTYSBURG ADDRESS, Newspaper, The New York Times, November 20, 1863. (Gettysburg Address on p. 1, col. 3. Reporting on the event starts on p. 1, col. 2. Everett’s speech on pp. 2-3.) 8 pp., 15¼ x 20¾ in.

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“It is for us, the living, rather to be dedicated here to the refinished work that they have thus so far nobly carried on.”

A rare first day of publication newspaper, with Lincoln’s timeless embodiment of American ideals prominently placed. This printing from November 20, the day after the Address, contains Lincoln’s speech on the front page. This original issue also includes Edward Everett’s speech and a report on the ceremonies.

Item #23318, $9,500

The Success of Black Troops At Petersburg, Virginia, Under Butler

[CIVIL WAR], Broadside. New England Loyal Publication Society No. 200. Boston, Mass., June 27, 1864. 1 p., 9 x 10¾ in.

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“They grinned and pushed on, and with a yell that told the southern chivalry their doom, [they] rolled irresistibly over and into the work.”

Item #23626, $750

Calling for More Black Troops in the Union Army: Criticizing NY for Turning Away African American Soldiers and Praising a Tennessee Regiment

[CIVIL WAR], Broadside. New England Loyal Publication Society No. 143. Boston, Mass., December 2, 1863. 1 p., 9½ x 15 in.

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“These volunteers who were not permitted to volunteer happened to have black skins, and for that reason they were refused. Is it not almost time to have done with this absurd superstition, this fanatical folly?”

Item #23625, $950

A Huge Print of the Great Abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison

WILLIAM LLOYD GARRISON, Photograph. Mammoth Plate Albumen print, approximately 15 x 19 in. Mounted on original light card board approximately 19 x 24 in. Board worn, some cracks not touching print; minor staining in image area. “William Lloyd Garrison” printed on mount inder image. c. 1870s

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An image of an older Garrison, as he appeared after his life’s work of abolition had been successfully completed.

Item #22464, $2,000

Ohio Reformers Use Rhode Island’s Dorr Rebellion
to Justify Their Own Behavior

[DORR WAR], Pamphlet. The Dorr Movement in Ohio; Being an Examination into the Causes, Progress and Probable Effects of the Revolutionary Course of Locofocoism in the Organization of the General Assembly of This State, for the Session of 1848-49. [Columbus, Ohio]: Legg & Murray, Columbus, [1849]. Disbound. Inscribed in pencil on the title by H.A. Swift, the author, in presentation.

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Item #22543, $800

A Former Tennessee Congressman Thanks an Editor for Opposing Southern Nullifiers, and Criticizes Andrew Jackson’s Political Vindictiveness

JAMES B. REYNOLDS, Autograph Letter Signed, to Hezekiah Niles. Clarksville, Tenn., January 12, 1831. 3 pp., 9¾ x 8 in., with integral address leaf.

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Former Tennessee congressman James Reynolds thanks newspaper editor Hezekiah Niles for standing against Southern nullifiers while offering insight into the spiteful tactics Jackson used against Reynolds once elected to the presidency. Jackson won the presidency in 1828 after losing in 1824 to John Quincy Adams. Apparently, fellow Tennessean Reynolds did not complain enough about the “corrupt bargain” election of 1824—and Andrew Jackson held a grudge.

Item #22535, $2,500

National Thanksgiving by Thomas Nast

[HARPER’S WEEKLY], Newspaper. Harper’s Weekly, December 9, 1865.

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Item #H-12-9-1865, $275

Winfield Scott Criticizes Zachary Taylor’s
Illegal Order to Flog a Soldier

WINFIELD SCOTT, Autograph Document Signed, November 18, 1843, with annotations initialed by him and dated December 1843. 2 pp.

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“.... [H]earing of the illegal order & the illegal flogging, I looked into the case…”

Item #20735, $975

The “Know-Nothing” Platform Established
at the American Party’s First and Only National Convention

KNOW-NOTHING PARTY, Broadside, “Platform of the American Party, adopted by the National Convention, June 15, 1855,” signed in type by E.B. Bartlett, C.D. Deschler, and James M. Stephens, [Philadelphia, 1855]. 1 p., 10 x 13 in.

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The American Party gained strength in the 1840s and 1850s as the Whigs and the entire second party system disintegrated. The “Know Nothings” were xenophobic; and especially opposed to immigration and Roman Catholicism. The party was backed by members of secret societies such as the Order of the Star Spangled Banner and the Order of United Americans, which were dedicated to electing native-born, Protestant candidates to office. As to the existence of these secret societies, members were instructed to say “I know nothing” when questioned about their participation.

Item #22547, $2,000
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