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Confederation Congress sends proposed Constitution to the states for ratification
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[U.S. CONSTITUTION]. Newspaper. The Pennsylvania Packet, and Daily Advertiser. October 1, 1787 (No. 2700), Philadelphia: John Dunlap and David C. Claypoole, including the September 28 resolution of the Confederation Congress to send to the states for ratification the recently completed U. S. Constitution. 4 pp., 12 x 18¾ in.

Inventory #24135.99       Price: $6,500

The United States in Congress Assembled. Friday, September 28, 1787.

CONGRESS having received the Report of the CONVENTION lately assembled in Philadelphia,

Resolved unanimously, THAT the said report, with the resolutions and letter accompanying the same, be transmitted to the several legislatures, in order to be submitted to a convention of delegates, chose in each state by the people thereof, in conformity to the resolves of the convention, made and provided in that case.      CHARLES THOMSON, Secretary.” (p2/c3)

The convention called to revise the Articles of Confederation met in the Pennsylvania’s State House in Philadelphia starting on May 25, 1787. After many delegates agreed that the Articles could not be sufficiently improved, they started to draft an entirely new structure. Maintaining their pledge of secrecy, after months of private deliberations over trade, defense, taxation, representation, separation of powers, the election of a president, the slave trade, international relations, and many other issues, the proposed United States Constitution was signed by thirty-nine of the fifty-five delegates on September 17.

Two days later, the Constitution was first published by the Pennsylvania Packet and four other Philadelphia newspapers. The cover letter sent by George Washington, president of what came to be called the Constitutional Convention, submitting the plan to Arthur St. Clair, the President of the Congress of the Confederation in New York, was also printed then.

Congress received and read the proposed Constitution on September 20th. As a sampling of their deliberations, William Grayson of Virginia thought it was too weak, while Richard Henry Lee of Virginia and Nathan Dane of Massachusetts thought it was too strong.

On September 27, Virginia’s Richard Henry Lee proposed that the Constitution be sent to the executives of each of the states. A Delaware representative quickly added, “in order to be by them submitted to conventions of delegates to be chosen agreeably to the said resolutions of the convention.” Ten of the twelve states then represented in Congress voted in favor. Before Congress adjourned for the day, the majority of Virginia’s representatives and a minority of New York’s representatives also indicated their support. On September 28, Federalists holding out for a unanimous vote found a way to compromise with anti-Federalists: Congress unanimously resolved to send the Constitution to the states, but without any recommendation or approval.

Arider from New York City arrived in Philadelphia with the resolution that same day.

George Clymer presented his own resolution to the Pennsylvania Assembly, noting that “the late Federal Convention, has digested a plan of government for the United States, and recommended that it should be referred to the consideration of State Conventions…” After a “very long, and animated debate,” Clymer’s resolution passed by a vote of 43 to 19 and adjourned until 4:00 p.m. But only 44 members returned, falling two shy of the necessary quorum. The Assembly’s sergeant-at-arms was sent to show the resolution to absent members. Two who still refused to attend were seized by the public, dragged through the streets, and thrust into the assembly room. The involuntarily completed quorum voted that “it is the sense of great numbers of the grand people of this state, already signified in petitions & declarations to this house, that the earliest steps should be taken to assemble a convention within the state for the purpose of deliberating and determining on the said constitution.” They called for the election of deputies who would assemble for that purpose “on the third Tuesday of November at the State-house in the city of Philadelphia…” (p2/c3-4)

Other articles of interest in this issue include news from Europe and a brief piece against Indians “from the western country, [who] still continue their depredations on the whites…” (p2/c3)

The Pennsylvania Packet, or the General Advertiser (1771-1839) was founded by John Dunlap in late 1771 as a weekly newspaper in Philadelphia, though it relocated to Lancaster during the British occupation of Philadelphia in 1777-1778. On May 30, 1783, Benjamin Towne turned the Pennsylvania Evening Post into the first daily newspaper in the United States. However, with Towne branded a traitor and forced to hawk his own papers on the street, the newspaper collapsed the following year. John Dunlap and David Claypoole then made their Pennsylvania Packet the first successful daily on September 21, 1784. It underwent numerous name changes in the 1790s until sold in 1800 and renamed Poulson’s American Daily Advertiser.

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